How to build and run MJPG-Streamer on the Raspberry Pi
It's been a while since I wrote the article on streaming video from the Raspberry Pi using MJPG-Streamer. Since I published that article I have received several comments and questions regarding issues building MJPG-Streamer, so in this short post I'm giving you revised build instructions.
1. Install build dependencies
The following command installs the three libraries that MJPG-Streamer uses:
$ sudo apt-get install libjpeg8-dev imagemagick libv4l-dev
2. Add missing videodev.h
videodev.h header file that MJPG-Streamer needs has been replaced with a
videodev2.h. To make MJPG-Streamer happy you have to create a symbolic link:
$ sudo ln -s /usr/include/linux/videodev2.h /usr/include/linux/videodev.h
3. Download MJPG-Streamer
The source code for MJPG-Streamer is available at sourceforge.net, but it is tricky to find the direct download link:
$ wget http://sourceforge.net/code-snapshots/svn/m/mj/mjpg-streamer/code/mjpg-streamer-code-182.zip
4. Unzip the MJPG-Streamer source code
The source code download is a compressed zip file. Put the file in your home directory (or a temporary folder, if you prefer) and run the following to extract the files:
$ unzip mjpg-streamer-code-182.zip
5. Build MJPG-Streamer
MJPG-Streamer comes with several plugins, but only a couple of them are needed to stream video according to the method I explained in my previous article. The command below only builds what's needed:
$ cd mjpg-streamer-code-182/mjpg-streamer $ make mjpg_streamer input_file.so output_http.so
6. Install MJPG-Streamer
I did not discuss installation in the previous article, and that confused many readers. The following commands copy all the needed files into system directories:
$ sudo cp mjpg_streamer /usr/local/bin $ sudo cp output_http.so input_file.so /usr/local/lib/ $ sudo cp -R www /usr/local/www
7. Start the camera
We are almost there. Now it is time to start the camera module:
$ mkdir /tmp/stream $ raspistill --nopreview -w 640 -h 480 -q 5 -o /tmp/stream/pic.jpg -tl 100 -t 9999999 -th 0:0:0 &
Of course, you can use different options to
raspistill if you like.
8. Start MJPG-Streamer
The camera is now writing images, so all that is left is to start MJPG-Streamer:
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib mjpg_streamer -i "input_file.so -f /tmp/stream -n pic.jpg" -o "output_http.so -w /usr/local/www"
9. Watch the Stream!
Now you can connect with your web browser and watch the stream live. If you want to watch from within the same Raspberry Pi you can enter
http://localhost:8080 in the browser's address bar. If you want to watch from another computer in your network use
After you verify that everything is working you can remove the source code:
$ cd ../../ $ rm -rf mjpg-streamer-182
I hope these instructions clarify all the aspects of setting up the streaming server on the Pi. If you still have questions let me know below!